Rostov Veliky is an ancient Russian town, located on the shore of the vast 'Nero' lake, 60 kilometers south of Yaroslavl and 190 kilometers north of Moscow. It is a part of Yaroslavl region.
There are 37 000 people living in Rostov. The main industry is electronics, so it's not a polluted place.
IMPRESSION OF ROSTOV.
The hand-made plan of Rostov Veliky - Rostov the Great, posted on the door to the city in the railway station, gives a nice first impression of this little town. It shows a green way through the houses to a large Kremlin on the shore of the vast Nero lake.
In front of you is a park beyond which a set of round, green and golden domes appeal curiousity. So you walk towards them and discover a more busy area: the shopping street, ulitsa Karla Marksa, and next to the walls of the Kremlin, a little market, where grannies sell fresh veggies from their garden. People come in and out the soviet food shop, the book and the photoshop, a man just had his haircut at the barber's, a girl is choosing something in the shop for animals, babushkas are looking through the coats in the second hand clothes shops, some tourists are searching where is the entrance of the Kremlin. You spot their guide,
Inside the Kremlin, there's an archelogocal museum, where you can see what they found in the earth, just where you stand. You can figure out how it was from the stone age to the last century: stone knives, relics of a drakkar, the first stone of a convent.
There are different buildings in the dusty Kremlin, a middle-age style restaurant, an enamel museum... It might feel a bit touristic, especially to the souvenir shop, comparing to the rest of the town, where all the people are so friendly, having nice simple time in their beautiful village.
After eating a nice bliny (pancakes), seeping a sweet home-made medovukha (honey alcohol), you might feel like the peole you meet: smily and relaxed. Here they seem to have nothing to fight against, they have nature very close, and they can easily get out of their village, with any direct train to Moscow.
So Rostov is a nice green town made out of old white stones very close to a deep blue lake.
HISTORY OF ROSTOV.
Rostov Veliky is one of the oldest Russian towns. It is located on the shore of the biggest lake in Yaroslavl region: 'Nero' lake.
People were living on the present territory of Rostov even 4 thousand years BC, in the stone age, when the settlements of the people were scattered around 'Nero' lake. These people were worshipping bears, elks, and other animals.
The territory next to 'Nero' lake had always been quite densily inhabited in the old times by different tribes, but they were settling there not for very long periods, so one tribe was coming here after the other.
Meryas also had good trade connection with Kievlan Rus' and they participated in some military campaigns together with Slavs.
In the 9th century Slav stribes came from the south regions and Merya and Slav people started to assimilate.
In Russian chronicles Rostov was first mentioned in 862, by that time it was a large town at the place of an old Merya settlement. Rostov was a big trading center, because of its favourable position on the busy river ways.
In the beginning of the 10th century Rostov accepted Christianity and started to become an economical, political, and religious center of Russia.
When Yury Dolgoruky (the one who founded Moscow) became the Prince of Rostov-Rostov land, Rostov started to become even more powerful: close connections with the other parts of Russia, high levels of culture and trade, good political positions lead Rostov to become independent from Kievlan Rus. In the 13th century Rostov became one of the 5 biggest towns of Russia. Rostov was so important and rich
The cultural and political growth of the town came to the end with the Tartar invasion in 1237: many Rostov people were killed and the town was ransacked and partially destructed.
In 1332 Rostov became a part of Moscow Pricipality, and as Rostov was loosing its political influence, it was becoming more and more one of the most important religious centers in Russia. Because the city didn't have any military significance, it was poorly fortified, so it was destructed during the invasions in the beginning of the 17th century.