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Russian statistics with commentary: economics, business, society stats data from Russia



Understanding Russia through Numbers - Interesting Russian Statistics

National statistics on every aspect of life in Russia with commentary explaining the importance of this data.


Numbers can be truly inspiring, especially if they can tell a story in an elegant and concise way.

We looked through the dozens of online and offline sources to bring you the latest in Russia's national, economic, business, and travel statistics.

Each piece of information is provided with a source and a commentary explaining its significance in the Russian context.

We are constantly updating and expanding this section to include more interesting statistics, so if you have requests or suggestions, please, post them in our Russia Talk Lounge forums.

National and Economic Data - Russia, 2005

Population (as of 07/2003)
144 526 278
Population (in 2050, estimated by UN)
121 256 000
Average life expectancy men/women (2002):
62.5 / 73.1
Men per 1000 women (2002):
879
Three largest cities (2002):
Moscow
St. Petersburg
Novosibirsk
Population
8 376 000
4 619 800
1 396 800
GDP, per capita (2002):
36th place in the world, as of 2002
$7924 US
Comment: The Russian GDP is rising 6,5% per year (forecast for 2005 is 5.8%) to meet president Putin's objective of doubling GDP in 10 years (before 2010).
Economically active population (EAP):
as of 2003
71 472 000 or 49.5% of all
annual growth: about 0.5%
Unemployment (2003):
Based on polls / Officially registered
8.6% / 2.2%
annual change: no
Largest employers (by sectors, in 2001):
Light, heavy, defence, manufacturing, pharmaceutical & other industries:
Wholesale & retail:
Agriculture:
Education:
Construction:
Public service:
--- other ---
Science:
Culture & art:
Communication:
Percentage of total EAP

22.0%
14.9%
12.6%
9.0%
7.6%
7.0%
21.8%
1.9%
1.8%
1.4%
Comment: The major problem is a small proportion of prospective sectors in the economy, such as communication, science, consultancy, information services, and a high share of extraction industries in overall export.
Employed in small business (as of 2001): 7 435 800 (11.5% of EAP)
annual growth: apprx 2%
Small business share in total GDP (2004)*: approximately 4%
annual growth: app 30-40%
Comment: Another major problem is a small share of small businesses in overall economic activity. For example, in UK as much as 46.2% (2003, SBS UK) are employed in small businesses (compared to 11.5% in Russia) and while the turnover of small businesses in UK reaches 38.3%, it is a mere 4% in Russia. The official statistics might lower the real turnover details, as many Russian businesses prefer to "hide" the real figures to avoid taxes. However, there are estimates that such businesses account to about 50% of the total number of enterprises, so even in this case the share of small business is very small.
 
Average salary (official data, 2005):*
per month, by sector:
Finance:
Oil & Gas industries:
Transport & communication:
8133 RUB ($290)
annual growth: about 25%
23300 RUB ($832)
21290 RUB ($760)
10730 RUB ($383)
Annual inflation rate: approximately 12%-18%
* Note, that any indicators showing business turnover, official salary details, etc. are lower than the real figures. There are estimates showing that from 30% to 50% of salary in Russia is paid "in envelopes" (thus, not officially registered and taxed), and that about 50% small businesses are not showing part or all of their turnover.
 


Sources: population statistics from WGeo, economic statistics from Gosstat (aggregate) and Ministry of Economic Development (Russia) and Small Business Analytics (Giac).
 

Important Business Statistics - Russia, 2005

Communication & IT
Mobile phone subscribers (2005):
(% of total population = penetration)
(penetration among rural population)
86.5 Mln
58.9%
25%

Comment: The data above is interesting because it somewhat reflects the level of wellbeing in society. Just eight years ago mobile phones were still considered to be a "luxury" item in Russia. Nowadays, it is more of a practical item, but people who live below poverty level would not be able to afford one. So, the fact that 25% of traditionally poor rural population have a mobile phone shows that at least 1/4 of these people live above the poverty level, which may sound quite bad, but still is positive news if you know the situation in Russian villages.
By the way, the highest mobile penetration in rural areas is in the North-West region (St. Petersburg region, Novgorod region, Karelia) - 37% - which is one of the indicators showing that the rural populations in these areas is better off.
 

Internet users in Russia (2005):
(% of total population)
12 Mln
8.3%
Computers owned:
(% of total population):
15 Mln
10.4%
Comment: One of Russia's main problems is that it was for a long time isolated from the outside world. The internet is something that can solve this problem faster than anything else. The more people, schools, regions, have access to the internet, the easier it will be to integrate the society and provide a free access to information to everybody. The standard level of internet penetration in EU countries is about 50%, in USA, Australia and New Zealand - 65%, in Scandinavia - 70-80%. Eastern European countries have about 30% internet penetration.

Sources: mobile telephone penetration stats from Sotovik.Ru

Travel Statistics - Russia, 2005

Visits to Russia in 2002 and 2004
From Country / Year:
2004
Tourist Visas
2004
Total Traveled
2002
Tourist Vsas
2002
Total Traveled
Note: in brackets - (x/y), where x - percent of the total population traveling on tourists visas, y - percent of the total population traveling to Russia.
Poland: 353 986
1 128 651
979 613 1 209 790
Germany: 351 099
567 204 287 255 493 267
China: 283 839 813 195 266 984 725 825
Finland: 242 816 1 092 328 229 863 1 161 233
USA:
(0.060% / 0.1%)
181 721 308 304 110 079 235 696
France:
(0.24% / 0.3%)
141 113 209 195 80 332 146 604
Italy: 123 397 192 039 101 675 154 319
Great Britain:
(0.19% / 0.37%)
115 622 214 961 67202 149 384
Ukraine: 84 320 6 685 527 260 053 8 229 840
Estonia: 74 165 521 097 44 936 386 537
Japan: 56 780 92 329 41 555 73 734
Spain: 51 395 69 096 44 462 58 557
Turkey:
(0.062% / 0.29%)
41 888 178 343 19 142 118 700
Netherlands:
(0.20% / 0.47%)
33 101 78 364 22 065 63 975
Austria:
(0.4% / 0.73%)
32 404 58 747 16 045 37 869
Sweden:
(0.4% / 0.83%)
31 892 73 684 20 601 55 652
Switzerland:
(0.32% / 0.71%)
24 369 50 139 13 572 25 495
Greece:
(0.17% / 0.29%)
18 735 32 835 8 697 25 829
Australia:
(0.097% / 0.12%)
14 189 23 546 8 202 16 672
Other Countries: n/a n/a n/a n/a
Total visits on business visas:   2 723 000   3 014 000
Total visits: 2 860 802 22 064 213 3 105 563 23 308 711

Comment: The countries marked in red showed a steep rise of interest in Russia during the last years, especially Greece, Australia, Switzerland, Austria, Turkey, Great Britain, France. The four countries at the top of the list (Poland, Germany, China, Finland) have higher data, because majority of travelers from these countries go to Russia for personal reasons using tourist and business visas because they are easier to obtain than the private ones.
Majority of travelers from France, Italy, Spain go to Russia for tourism, while people from Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden, Australia, UK, USA go to Russia for business reasons.
We can also see that currently the maximum ratio of tourists who travel to Russia to the total country's population is 0.4% (Sweden, Austria, Switzerland). It is quite likely that in the nearest future we will see the same process happening in other countries, especially France, UK, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Netherlands.
USA and Australia have less tourists coming to Russia because of high airfares, however, it's quite likely that in the nearest future the number of tourists from USA should increase by about 50% to reach Australia's tourists to population ratio.
Russia currently has approximately the same number of visits as UK. It takes the 7th place in world rankings for visits annually, and the growth rates are comparable to China. However, majority of visitors are from neighboring CIS countries visiting friends, relatives, or taking a part-time job, or so-called "border-shoppers" - people who come to do cheaper shopping at the border.


Sources: travel stats from Federal Border Service, Russia and Federal Tourism Agency, Russia
 




 

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